This study guide reviews the Achilles story in Greek Mythology from before his birth to the fatal wound inflicted by Paris in the Trojan War. ACHILLES And His Vulnerable Heel Achilles was a powerful hero in Homer's Iliad, and undoubtedly the greatest warrior on the battlefield at Troy. In his youth. Hephaestus, the god of fire, is the smith whom forged Achilles ' shield. He begins with twenty hot bellows and fires bronze, tin, gold, and silver in his kiln. He then. According to this story, Odysseus learns from the prophet Calchas that the Achaeans would be unable to capture Troy without Achilles' aid. Odysseus eventually gave the armour to Neoptolemus , the son of Achilles. It involved a race between a tortoise and Achilles, a famously fast runner. The warrior takes pity on the old man and promises a twelve day truce for Hector's funeral. In it, Achilles was hit by an arrow shot by Paris and directed by Apollo into his weak heel. The Trojans, led by Hector , subsequently push the Greek army back toward the beaches and assault the Greek ships. Ares was surprised by Achilles' injured face, and complimented him on it, as it had improved his "womanly looks. He stabbed Hector in the throat, killing him. The Trojan War Achilles: The imagery of nature and the universe also reinforce the belief that the shield is a microcosm of Greek life, as it can be seen as a reflection of their perception of the world. Book 8 of The Aeneid. He was also deeply loyal and would sacrifice anything for his friends and family.